Bill Viola
Five Angels for the Millennium, 2001
i. Departing Angel
ii. Birth Angel
iii. Fire Angel
iv. Ascending Angel
v. Creation Angel

Video/sound installation
Five channels of color video projection on walls in large, dark room; stereo sound for each projection
© Kira Perov



Bill Viola: Statements by the Artist (exh. cat.). Introduction by Julia Brown. Los Angeles: Museum of Contemporary Art, 1985.

Reasons for Knocking at an Empty House: Writings 1973–1994. Edited by Robert Violette with Bill Viola. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press; London: Thames and Hudson; Anthony d'Offay Gallery, 1995.


Bélisle, Josée, ed. Bill Viola (exh. cat.). Texts by Josée Bélisle and Bill Viola. Montreal: Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, 1993. In English and French.

Bill Viola (exh. cat.). Texts by David Ross, Susan Kalil, and Bill Viola, trans. Sook-Kyung Lee. Seoul: Kukje Gallery, 2003. In English and Korean.

Bill Viola (exh. cat.). Texts by Anne-Marie Duguet, John G. Hanhardt, Kathy Huffman, Suzanne Page, and Bill Viola; interview with the artist by Deirdre Boyle. Paris: Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, 1983. In English and French.

Bill Viola: A Twenty-Five-Year Survey (exh. cat.). Texts by Lewis Hyde, Kira Perov, David A. Ross, and Bill Viola. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art; Paris: Flammarion, 1997. Stuttgart: Cantz, 1999. (German edition).

Bill Viola: Going Forth By Day (exh. cat.). Interview with the artist by John G. Hanhardt. Berlin: Deutsche Bank; New York: Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, 2002. In English and German.

Bill Viola: Las Horas Invisibles (exh. cat.). Texts by John Walsh and David A. Ross. Granada: Centro Andaluz de Arte Contemporaneo, 2007. In Spanish.

Bill Viola: Love/Death: The Tristan Project (exh. cat.). Texts by Simon Grant and Bill Viola. London: Haunch of Venison Gallery, 2006.

Bill Viola: Território do Invisível/Site of the Unseen (exh. cat.). Texts by Ivana Bentes, Marcello Dantas, and Kathy Huffman; interview with the artist by Jörg Zutter. Rio de Janeiro: Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil, 1994. In English and Portuguese.

Bill Viola: Transfigurations (exh. cat.). Texts by Kelly Sidley and Bill Viola. Seoul: Kukje Gallery, 2008. In English and Korean.

Fargier, Jean-Paul. The Reflecting Pool de Bill Viola. Crisnée: Éditions Yellow Now, 2005. In French.

Feldman, Melissa and H. Ashley Kistler, eds. Bill Viola: Slowly Turning Narrative (exh. cat.). Philadelphia: Institute of Contemporary Art; Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1992.

Grenier, Catherine, ed. Los Angeles 1955 - 1985 (exh. cat.). Paris: Éditions Centre Pompidou, 2006.

Hanhardt, John G. “Cartografando il visible: l'arte di Bill Viola.” In Valentina Valentini, ed., Ritratti: Greenaway, Martinis, Pirri, Viola. Taormina, Italy: De Luca, 1987. In Italian.

–––––. Bill Viola: Fire, Water, Breath (exh. brochure.). New York: Guggenheim Museum, 1997.

Heiferman, Marvin, and Lisa Phillips, with John Hanhardt. Image World: Art and Media Culture (exh. cat.). New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1989.

Juul, Michael and Anders Kold, eds. Sip My Ocean: Video from the Louisiana Collection (exh. cat.). Denmark: Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, 2006

Krogh, Anna and Jens Erik Sorensen, eds. Bill Viola: Visions (exh. cat.). Denmark: ARos Aarhus Kunstmuseum, 2005. In Danish and English.

Livingstone, Marco. “Bill Viola.” In Richard Morphet, Encounters: New Art from Old (exh. cat.). London: National Gallery, 2000.

Loisy, Jean de, ed. Bill Viola: The Sleep of Reason (exh. cat.). Jouy-en-Josas, France: Fondation Cartier pour l'Art Contemporain, 1990. In French.

London, Barbara, ed. Bill Viola: Installations and Videotapes (exh. cat.). Texts by J. Hoberman, Donald Kuspit, Barbara London, and Bill Viola. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1987.

Meyer, Felix and Heidy Zimmermann, eds. Edgard Varese Composer Sound Sculptor Visionary (exh. cat.). Woodbridge, UK: The Boydell Press, 2006.

Nusser, Uta, ed. Bill Viola: Stations (exh. cat.). Texts by Martin Hentschel, Hannelore Paflik-Huber, and Bill Viola. Stuttgart: Württembergischer Kunstverein; Los Angeles: Lannan Foundation, 1996. In English and German.

Perov, Kira, ed. Bill Viola: Visioni interiori (exh. cat.). Texts by Maria Gloria Conti Bicocchi, Kira Perov, Salvatore Settis, Valentina Valentini and Bill Viola. Rome: Palazzo delle Esposizioni, and Florence: Giunti Arte Mostre, 2008. In Italian.

Pühringer, Alexander, ed. Bill Viola (exh. cat.). Texts by Freidemann Malsch, Celia Montolió, Otto Neumaier, and Bill Viola; interview with the artist by Otto Neumaier and Alexander Pühringer. Salzburg: Salzburger Kunstverein, 1994. In English and German.

Sparrow, Felicity, ed. Bill Viola: The Messenger (exh. cat.). Texts by David Jasper and Stuart Morgan. Durham: Chaplaincy to the Arts and Recreation in Northeast England, 1996.

Stations: Bill Viola (exh. cat.). Introduction by Götz Adriani; texts by Reto Krüger, Ralph Melcher, Bill Viola, and Dörte Zbikowski. Karlsruhe, Germany: Museum für Neue Kunst/ZKM, 2000. In German.

Syring, Marie Luise, ed. Bill Viola: Unseen Images/Nie gesehene Bilder/Images jamais vues (exh. cat.). Texts by Rolf Lauter and Marie Luise Syring; interview with the artist by Jörg Zutter. Düsseldorf: Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, 1992. In English, French, and German. Reprinted and expanded for Spanish edition as Bill Viola: Más allá de la mirada (imágenes no vistas). Madrid: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, 1993.

Townsend, Chris, ed. The Art of Bill Viola. Texts by Rhys Davies, Jonathan Lahey Dronsfield, Cynthia Freeland, Antonio Geusa, Elizabeth Ten Grotenhuis, David Jasper, David Morgan, Otto Neumaier, Chris Townsend, and Jean Wainwright. London: Thames & Hudson, 2004. Milan: Bruno Mondadori, 2005 (Italian edition).

Tristan und Isolde: Opéra en Trois Actes (prog. notes). Texts by Bill Viola, Oswald Georg Bauer, Vaclav Jamek, Makis Solomos, Vincent Borel, Nicolas Southon, and Timothée Picard. Paris: Opera National de Paris, 2004-2005. In English and French.

Valentini, Valentina, ed. Taormina Arte 1993: Bill Viola: Vedere con la mente e con il cuore. Texts by Valentina Valentini and Bill Viola; interviews with the artist by Jörg Zutter, and interview with David A. Ross by Gianfranco Mantegna. Rome: Gangemi Editore, 1993. In Italian.

Walsh, John, ed. The Passions (exh. cat.). Texts by Hans Belting, Kira Perov, Peter Sellars, Bill Viola and John Walsh. Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2003.

Yapelli, Tina with Toby Kamps. Bill Viola: Images and Spaces (exh. cat.). Texts by Tina Yapelli and Bill Viola. Madison: Madison Art Center, 1994.

Zeitlin, Marilyn A., ed. Bill Viola: Survey of a Decade (exh. cat.). Texts by Deirdre Boyle, Kathy Rae Huffman, Christopher Knight, Michael Nash, Joan Seeman Robinson, Gene Youngblood, and Marilyn A. Zeitlin. Houston: Contemporary Arts Museum, 1988.

–––––. Bill Viola: Buried Secrets/Segreti sepolti (exh. cat.). Texts by Bill Viola and Marilyn Zeitlin. Tempe: Arizona State University Art Museum, 1995. In English and Italian. Reprinted and expanded as Bill Viola: Buried Secrets/Vergrabene Geheimnisse. Texts by Carl Haenlein, Susie Kalil, Bill Viola, and Marilyn Zeitlin. Hannover, Germany: Kestner-Gesellschaft, 1995. In German and English.

Selected Articles and Reviews

Albertini, Rosanna. “Bill Viola: L'oeil de la séparation (The Dividing Eye).” Art Press (Paris) no. 233 (Mar. 1998), pp. 20–25. In English and French.

Artner, Alan G. “Time Traveler.” Chicago Tribune, 31 Oct. 1999, pp. 1, 12.

Bellour, Raymond. “An Interview with Bill Viola.” October (Cambridge, Mass.) no. 34 (fall 1985), pp. 91–119. Also published as “Entretien avec Bill Viola: L'espace ŕ pleine dent” in Cahiers du cinéma (Paris) no. 379 (Jan. 1986), pp. 35–42, and Cahiers du cinéma (Paris) special issue “Oů va la Vidéo,” edited by Jean-Paul Fargier, no. 14 (1986), pp. 64–73. In English and French.

Bloch, Dany. “Les Vidéo-paysages de Bill Viola.” Art Press (Paris) no. 80 (Apr. 1984), pp. 24–26. In English and French.

Boyle, Deirdre. “Post-Traumatic Shock: Bill Viola's Recent Work.” Afterimage (London) no. 24 (Sept.–Oct. 1996), pp. 9–11.

De Cecco, Emanuela. “Bill Viola: Tra fisica e metafisica.” Flash Art (Milan) 26, no. 179 (Nov. 1993), pp. 31–34.In Italian.

Cumming, Laura. “A Rembrandt for the Video Age.” The Observer (London), 6 May 2001, p. 11.

Daniels, Dieter. “Bill Viola: Installations and Videotapes.” Kunstforum (Mainz) no. 92 (Dec. 1987–Jan. 1988), pp. 247–50. In German.

Danto, Arthur. “TV and Video.” The Nation (New York) 11 Sept. 1995, pp. 248–53.

Denny, Ned. “Viola Bodies.” New Statesman (London) 28 May 2001, pp. 45–46.

Diaz-Urmeneta, Juan Bosco. “Tiempo de Pasiones.” Diarion de Sevilla (Seville, Spain), 25 Mar. 2005, p. 36. In Spanish.

Douglas, Sarah. "Interview: Bill Viola.", 2 November 2005. Artinfo interview click here.

Drohojowska-Philp, Hunter. “His Camera Never Blinks.” Los Angeles Times, 26 Oct. 1997, Calendar section, pp. 3, 69.

_______. “The Self-Discovery Channel.” Art News (New York) 96, no. 10 (Nov. 1997), pp. 206–09.

_______. “First the Soundtrack, Now the Film.” Los Angeles Times, 22 Aug. 1999, Calendar section, pp. 52, 73–74.

Duguet, Anne-Marie. “Les vidéos de Bill Viola: une poétique de l'espace-temps.” Parachute (Montreal) no. 45 (Dec. 1986–Feb. 1987), pp. 10–15 in French; pp. 50–53 in English. Abridged version published in Expansion and Transformation: The Third Fukui International Video Biennale (exh. cat.). Fukui, Japan: Fukui International Video Biennale Executive Committee, 1989.

Duncan, Michael. “Bill Viola: Altered Perceptions.” Art in America (New York) 86, no. 3 (Mar. 1998) pp. 62–69.

Frankel, David. "Bill Viola." ArtForum (New York) XXXIX, no. 4 (Dec. 2000), p. 145.

Gallegos, Carina. “The Passions at the National Gallery, London.” Art Nexus, No.52, vol. 3, April-June, 2004, pp. 94-97.

Gibbons, Fiachra."Display of Passion Which Will End in Tears." The Guardian (London) 5 July 2003, p. 11.

Grant, Simon. “This Work Would Make the Angels Weep.” The Independent on Sunday (London) 6 May 2001, pp. 1, 4.

Harvey, Doug. "Extremities: The Video Passions of Bill Viola." L.A. Weekly, 24 - 30 January 2003, pp. 26- 30.

Hierholzer, Michael. “Berührung der Gegensätze im dunklen Raum.” Frankfurter Allgemeine Magazin, 7 Feb. 1999, p. 25. In German.

Hohmeyer, Jürgen. “Flimmern im Brunnen.” Der Spiegel (Berlin) no. 53 (Dec. 1992), pp. 170–71. In German.

Januszczak, Waldemar. “Magical, Mystical, Magnificent.” The Sunday Times (London) 26 Apr. 1998, section 11, pp. 8–9.

Kidel, Mark. "Earth, Wind and Fire...Bill Viola's New Work" The Guardian (London), 19 Mar. 2002.

Knight, Christopher. "Tackling Life's Eternal Questions, on Video." Los Angeles Times, 28 January 2003, Calendar section, pp. E1, E10.

Kuspit, Donald. “The Passing.” Artforum (New York) 32, no. 1 (Sept. 1993), pp. 145, 204.

McLeod, Melvin. "The Light Enters You." Shambhala Sun (Nova Scotia) Nov. 2004, pp. 32-36.

Mejias, Jordan. “Bill Viola: Die kunst, der tod, und das teetrinken.” Frankfurter Allgemeine Magazin, 5 Feb. 1999, cover, pp. 10–19. In German.

Miranda, J.H. “Las emociones humanas vistas por Bill Viola.” El Punto de las Artes (Spain), 11 February 2005, p.17. In Spanish.

Morgado, Marcia. “Bill Viola nacimiento, vida, muerte…y renacer.” Harper’s Bazaar en Español (Mexico), June 2005, pp. 98-101. In Spanish.

Musa, Helen. “Agony and Ecstacy in His Moving Pictures.” The Canberra Times (Australia), 30 July 2005: News 3.

Nash, Michael. “Bill Viola.” Journal of Contemporary Art (New York) 3, no. 2 (fall/winter 1990), pp. 63–73.

Neumaier, Otto, and Alexander Pühringer. “Buried Secrets: Bill Viola im Gespräch mit Otto Neumaier und Alexander Pühringer.” Noëma (Salzburg) no. 40 (winter 1995–96), pp. 20–35.

Plagens, Peter. “The Video Vibes of Venice.” Newsweek (New York) 17 July 1995, p. 59.

Riding, Alan. "In Pursuit of Total Art..." The New York Times, 14 April 2005, p. B3.

Rifkin, Alan. "Doubt, Dry Spells and Days in the Desert" West Magainze: Los Angeles Times, 28 January 2007, pp. 14 -21.

Ross, Alex. "The Waves." The New Yorker (New York) 30 May 2005, pp. 94-95. (ARTICLE LINK)

Roux, Marie-Aude. "Sellars, Viola, Salonen, trio de feu a l'Opéra Bastille." Le Monde (Paris) 12 April 2005, Culture section, pp. 28-29.

Rush, Michael. "Bill Viola at James Cohan." Art in America (New York) 89, no. 3 (Mar. 2001) p. 129.

Rutledge, Virginia. “Art at the End of the Optical Age.” Art in America (New York) 86, no. 3 (Mar. 1998), pp. 70–77.

Solomon, Andrew. “Bill Viola's Video Arcade.” New York Times Magazine, 8 Feb. 1998, pp. 34–37.

Swed, Mark. "Tristan Graduates from a Project to a Triumph." Los Angeles Times,15 April 2005, Calendar section, pp. 1, 30.

Young, Clara. "Real Time Players." Modern Painters (London), May 2005, pp. 56-61.

Youngblood, Gene. “Metaphysical Structuralism: The Videotapes of Bill Viola.” Millennium Film Journal (New York) no. 20/21 (fall/winter 1988–89), pp. 80–114. First published under same title for the laser-disc edition of Bill Viola: Selected Works. Los Angeles: Voyager, 1987.